Experts recommend targeting support to social protection systems in countries of origin and host countries to mitigate causes of displacement | D+C
In Germany, an independent commission studied the issues of displacement and irregular migration. Appointed by the federal government, 24 scholars and practitioners were asked to make recommendations on how to mitigate the root causes of forced displacement and irregular migration, as well as support countries hosting displaced people.
The commission presented its report in May 2021. Among the main findings is that the main drivers of displacement are the failure of states and governmental institutions, the lack of economic and social opportunities as well as conflict and persecution. . The commission also pointed to indirect triggers, such as environmental degradation, climate change and population growth.
One of the recommendations is that the German federal government develops an inter-ministerial strategy to more systematically mitigate the root causes of displacement and to support effective national systems in partner countries. These recommendations are part of the international trend towards an increasingly integrated and cross-sectoral approach to crisis management (see our article on the D+C/E+Z platform).
The commission strongly insisted on the relevance of adaptive social protection. It suggests promoting the development and significant expansion of adaptive social protection in countries of origin and host countries. Options for doing this include funding and targeted technical assistance.
Complex challenges with mutually reinforcing elements require long-term efforts. To mitigate the causes of displacement, German development agencies will need patience, perseverance and strategic capacity. As the “mother country” of social protection systems (see the interview with Markus Loewe on our D+C/E+Z platform), and as an established international partner for the construction of social protection systems, the Germany has great potential to increase its engagement in the sector. The new federal government shares this view. Its recently released coalition agreement commits to the cause.
Preventing crises, creating opportunities, protecting people – summary of the report of the Commission on the root causes of displacement
Maren Suchta-Platzmann is a political scientist and works as an advisor on social protection issues for GIZ. The two authors express their personal points of view here.
Amedee Schmitz is a social scientist specializing in international migration and forced displacement. He works as a travel advisor for GIZ.